This week we are reading and meditating on the books of 1st and 2nd Samuel. Historically these two books were considered to be one book, and they were originally a part of a four part series of histories: Joshua, Judges, Samuel and Kings.
Type of Literatures:
Samuel was written as a historical narrative.
The authorship here is anonymous as there is no direct indication to whom wrote the book.
Purpose of the book:
The purpose of this book is the historical narrative showing the transition of the Israelites from: a group of autonomous tribes that had a loose connection through the Judges, to a nation led centrally by a monarchy.
As well, to show God's continual sovereignty and commitment to the Mosaic covenant despite the people's continual downward spiral into apostasy.
1) The End of the Judges: I Sam 1:1-8:22
1) The birth of Samuel: I Sam 1:1-3:21
2) The rejection of Eli’s family: I Sam 4:1-7:17
3) Israel demands a King: I Sam 8:1-22
2) The Beginning of the Kings: I Sam 9:1-II Sam 24:25
1) The Kingdom of Saul: I Sam 9:1-31:13
1) Saul Called and then rejected by God: I Sam 9:1-15:34
2) David anointed as King: I Sam 16:1-20:42
3) David as a fugitive and Saul's downfall: I Sam 21:1-II Sam 1:27
2) The Kingdom of David: II Sam 2:1-24:25
1) Civil War: II Sam 2:1-4:12
2) The institution of David's kingdom: II Sam 5:1-10:19
3) David's sin: II Sam 11:1- 12:31
4) Absalom’s rebellion: II Sam 13:1-21:22
5) Narratives of David’s reign: II Sam 22:1-24:25
• Samuel's rise as a judge and Israel's descent into sin and apostasy
• The transition from judges to a monarchy.
• God's terms for the kingship, the covenant and Godly devotion
• Waiting for God's timing and deliverance
• Sin and the consequences of sin
• Fore-shadowing of the Messiah through David's lineage