Then the Lord said to me, “Go again, love a woman who is loved by a lover[a] and is committing adultery, just like the love of the Lord for the children of Israel, who look to other gods and love the raisin cakes of the pagans.”
The author of this book is Hosea the son of Beeri. He prophesied to the Northern Kingdom of Israel.
This book is written in narratives, as well as prophetic and Hebrew poetry.
Hosea prophesied from 767-722BC; during the reigns of Kings Jeroboam II and Joash in the North; and Kings Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah of Judah. This is a period of prosperity but ending is the destruction of the nation.
Main Purpose & Historical Background:
Hosea writes to call Israel to repentance and reconciliation to God, the God of loyalty and love.
Through the metaphor of his marriage to a prostitute God demonstrates the faithlessness of the nation toward their covenant with God.
Hosea also charges the nation of its lack of knowledge, steadfast love, and faithfulness to God.
Hosea and Gomer: 1:1-3:5
God and His People (Judgment and Redemption): 4:1- 14:9
God’s Broken Heart: God was broken by Israel’s refusal to trust and follow in him and his commandments.
Israel’s Idolatry: Israel following the god’s of the surrounding nations, and following in the traditions of Jeroboam.
Jeroboam’s Sin: Jeroboam sinned (see II Kings 12:28) by making golden calves for the people to worship, as he feared that if he allowed his people to pilgrimage to Jerusalem, they would desire to leave the northern Kingdom, and join with Judah. It is ultimately Israel’s compliance in Jeroboam’s sin that brings on their downfall.
Judgment: God proclaims a destructive sentence upon Israel.
Redemption: However, despite Israel’s sin, God show the nation that they can be redeemed, and He offers Israel redemption.