Exodus: Life Application: Redemption of Israel and a Nation Established

Exodus 6:7 ‘I will take you as My people, and I will be your God. Then you shall know that I am the Lord your God who brings you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians’


Exodus shows us that freedom is found through one man, through Moses Gods people were saved. This reflects the New Testament where we know that through one man, Jesus, and his obedience, we are saved.

The Passover lamb also helps us in our understanding of Jesus having to be spotless, the perfect sacrifice leading to our Salvation.

The Tabernacle was a place where Gods presence was visible to his people. Just like today there is evidence of God’s presence when we, his people gather together.


As we live our lives this week, let’s stop and remind ourselves what we have been saved from. Just like the Israelites it’s easy to become discontented and ungrateful, but if we stop and think for a minute we can see that an amazing God has freed us through his son. The same God that was with the Israelites is the same God that is with us today.


Lev 20:26 You shall be holy to me; for I the Lord am holy, and I have separated you from the other peoples to be mine.

Writer : Moses – the contents of the book are divine revelation given to him at Sinai.

Literature : Mainly Law with short narrative sections included too.

Main Purpose &  Historical Background:

Gods people, the nation of Israel had been bought out of slavery into the wilderness, a massive family that needed to learn how to live and thrive.

Not only did they need practical help, how to be clean/ how to avoid diseases spreading and how to be safe, they needed spiritual help too.


Chapters 1-10 SACRIFICE

They were meant to be set apart, a light to the other nations.

God wanted to dwell with his people. After the fall His desire was always to get back to intimacy with his beloved children. And so the people needed to know how to dwell in the midst of a HOLY God, how could sinful man approach holy God?

We see the instituting of the priesthood and the sacrificial system. Which would enable God to be with His people (albeit temporarily, but a wonderful foreshadow of the fulfillment of His perfect plan through Jesus Christ, the once for all sacrifice)



Religious Laws – helped safeguard against Idolatry/set the people apart/showed Gods desire to be in the midst of His people

Dietary Laws – don’t eat some things…for medical reasons and also some were connected to pagan practices

Medical Laws – particularly for leprosy and other infectious diseases, the laws helped prevent the spread and saved lives – pagan practices were causing viral infections to spread rapidly (Gods laws were way ahead of what medicine would one day come to prove!)

Hygiene Laws – before people really had a concept of germs! God told them it was important to be clean

Marriage/Sex – should be based on a lifelong relationship, women were protected/ equal/ not property which was vastly different from any other culture at that time

Criminal Law – Gods Law was superior to the other ancient laws; there was a focus on protecting people rather than property

Safety Laws – preventing accidents (God showed that he cared)

Civil laws – were based on loving your neighbour as yourself

Economic Laws – there was a focus on grace and mercy, fighting poverty and encouraging generosity

Social Security System – encouraged HARD WORK

Public Holidays – a time to rejoice and relax and have FUN


The Laws of God were unique but also far superior to those of the surrounding peoples.

Exodus: Redemption of Israel and a Nation Established

Exodus means 'a mass departure' or 'the way out', it is the second book of the Pentateuch ('5 volumes') which makes up what Israel recognised as the Law.
We see here the growth of Israel, and after the death of Joseph subsequent slavery of the Israelites by the new King.
We see the rise of Moses, the Israelites freed from slavery and a promise of a nation starting to be fulfilled.
Authorship: Moses
Type of Literature: Historical Narrative (Ch 20-40 Law & Covenant)
Purpose of book:
To show God's fulfilment of promises.
God reminding the Israelites of their history and how God saved them from slavery (a beautiful foreshadowing of ultimate salvation through Jesus).
God's people are important to Him and He cares about their (our) wellbeing.
God can use the most unlikely person to do His will.
There is a need for personal responsibility as one of God's children. (The 10 Commandments)
We can only come to God on God's terms, this is seen through the exact specifications needed and complete obedience concerning the tabernacle. Here we also see God's presence visually signified by a a pillar of cloud or fire and a place for God's people to gather.
The book clearly points to the need for a saviour, the coming of Jesus Christ:
-One man to save Gods people - Moses.
-A perfect sacrifice - The Passover lamb.
1.  Gods people freed from slavery (Exodus 1-13)
2. The Passover (Exodus 13)
3. The wilderness and Gods provision (Exodus 14-18)
4. The Ten Commandments (Exodus 19)
5. The Tabernacle is built. (Exodus 40)
1.  Moses
2.  Aaron
Main Themes:
• FULFILLMENT OF PROMISE / Covenant - God promised Abraham, Isaac and Jacob in Genesis that they would become a nation. In Exodus we see the beginning of this.
God also spares the firstborn at Passover, as promised.
• FREEDOM. There was and is freedom for God's people.
• LAW. The need for restrictions and boundaries. (The Ten Commandments)
• GOD'S PRESENCE. The tabernacle of Moses showed visual evidence of this

Job: God is Sovereign: Life Application

Key Verse:

Job 2:2-3: Then the Lord said to Satan, “Have you considered My servant Job, that there is none like him on the earth, a blameless and upright man, one who fears God and shuns evil? And still he holds fast to his integrity, although you incited Me against him, to destroy him without cause.

In the end after many trials, despite emotional torment, the loss of wealth, and physical pain that he endures, Job does not sin. He was tempted to deny God, and die, but he stayed faithful. He knew that God was Sovereign, and that GOD was in control.

Job was content with the fact that he "did not know" why this had happened. Job was content with the knowledge that God was in control; GOD was sovereign in his life and in the situation.

For us today, the wisdom of Job transcends time; God is still sovereign, and is in control despite what has happened, or what is happening to us, or in us;

He is sovereign.

And just like Job, we need to be content in that fact, despite the suffering that we have endured, or are enduring now,

God is Sovereign.

There is a reason, and purpose to all things, but we may not know what that is at the time, or we may never know why we suffer.

In fact, this book does not answer the question: "why do we suffer". It just states that we do suffer. Nonetheless, we need to learn to be content in not knowing, and remain faithful to God.


Job: God is Sovereign


The authorship of job is anonymous as there is no indication as to who wrote it. However, traditionally it is the view that Job was written by Moses while the Israelites sojourned in the wilderness.

Type of Literature:

Job is "Wisdom" literature, specifically speculative Wisdom, asking the WHY question, and contemplating the perplexities of human existence.

Purpose of the book:

Job is one of the oldest narratives in the Bible, and it's purpose is to address (contemplate) two distinctly different issues: the first is the problem of suffering, and the second is God's Sovereignty.

The structure of Job is broken into three main divisions:

1.     The Testing of Job

a. Prologue: 1:1-2:13

b. Job's First Speech: 3:1–26

2.     Dialogue with Job's Friends

a. Phase One: 4:1-14:22

b. Phase Two: 15:1-21:34

c. Phase Three: 22:1-31:40

d. Dialogue with Elihu: 32:1-37:24

3.     God's Sovereignty: 38:1-42:17

a. God's answer: 38:1-44:34

b. Epilogue: 42:1-17

Main Themes:


Job is a wonderful illustration of Bible Wisdom literature; poetically showing the sufferings of man. The book tells the account of a righteous man that unbeknownst to himself, he undergoes severe trials and testing that prove his faithfulness and worth.

Although Job was innocent, his friends judged that the reason for his plight was his iniquity or immorality.

 God is Sovereign

It contemplates, how is God sovereign when such harsh and horrid things are happening to such a pious and good man? In the prologue, and the epilogue, God has an assurance and trust in Job’s faithfulness despite the circumstances; man can remain faithful to his loving God through questioning and hardship.

God remains Sovereign, and above all things, despite the cruelties, and the harshness of life; (the reader gets to see) there is a reason and a purpose behind everything, and that God sees the complete picture in the rich tapestry of life and ultimately governs all things.



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